Sara looked up and then smiled at me. I did not know whether Sara talks or not, but to my ignorance I expected three and half years olds to speak at this stage. To my surprise at Sara is three and half years old and still is not talking, she says very few words and she seemed to be way behind compared with her peers.
So what is normal child development? Avan and Kirkwood, While Freud highlights the importance aspects of child development, critics would point out that his tendency to focus on sexual urges to explain his concepts. Another weakness is that the theory seems to be Eurocentric and does not take into account none European cultures.
I did not understand why Sara was not able to talk; I was comparing her with my son who was able to talk by the age of two. Why do we need to know child development? A good knowledge of child development and understanding theories that underpin such knowledge is essential, because it allows us to understand the concept of child development, hence theories of child development. Similarly, understanding theories of language development can help us identify how children such as Sara develop their own language and communication skills.
It is therefore important that Social workers understand the process of human growth and how children such as Sara acquire language acquisition. Doherty and Hughes, There are a number of theories associated with child development; behaviourism and nativists are two of them. Behaviourism focuses on the process of language acquisition, it suggest that children learn through observation and reinforcement.
Behaviourist such as Watson and B. Clearly, Sara used language to label objects of interest to her. In one occasion, I observed Sara naming shapes. When I enquired how Sara learned these, objects, I was told she uses ipad at home. Thus, theoretical knowledge is the key to effective intervention and good assessment when assessing children in need and their families. The observation and my ongoing learning of aspect of human growth module allowed me to become aware of positions of power and how such power can impact child development.
For example, parents or staff at day-care centres or even a social worker abusing their power when dealing with children. Furthermore, while this perspective emphasis on nurturing through reinforcement, in contrast, nativist proponent such as Noam Chomsky would argue that children have their own way of learning language without being reinforced by adults.
These different views helped me understand more about children growth and their language development. Before the observation, I rarely thought and tried to find out how children develop their language skills. But having read the deference perspectives about children development helped me understand and gave me a basic knowledge about child development. He argued that children learn by example, they tend to copy the language or behaviour they see or hear being used around them.
He fell while running in the classroom and bumped his head. He cried hard and looked to the teacher for comfort. During my two hours of observation the class did free play time, circle and story time, and then arts and crafts time.
During free play time the two boys were playing together with a big toy truck. The little girl joins the class by this point and the teacher slowly encouraged her to join the other boys in free time play. She was obviously shy and a little unsure of the new person in the classroom. The children were instructed to move to the building station and build with blocks. These blocks were able to be pulled apart and be placed back together.
The little girl stacked the blocks 5 high several times and then knocked them down. She also then lined them in a row of nine. She helped clean up the blocks with directions from the teacher. While one of the boys was playing with the blocks he was talking to himself, although it was too quiet for me to hear what he was actually saying. The other boy put the blocks on his hands through the holes in the center.
He was pretending to be a boxer and punching the air. The other boy is very helpful and cooperative. He helped the other children put their toys away after free play was over. Next, was circle time. During this time the children sit in chairs in a circle and are facing a large board with a big calendar, shapes, colors and letters to interact with. The teacher started a basic preschool class and told all the children to sit in their chairs and keep their hands to themselves and pay attention.
All three kids had great interaction with the teacher and where all shouting out answers to her questions. They happily sang along with the little songs that she had made up for the days of the week and the months of the year.
They were pleased with themselves that they knew the answers. They knew what letters started their first names and even knew the letters that started their classmates names. They easily followed directions, provided appropriate answers, and could answer routine questions.
The children could combine two or more words and used different modifiers and qualifiers. During story time the teacher read a book to the children about the sun and the moon. The two boys were now getting restless and having a hard time paying attention to the story. The teacher had to stop a number of times to speak to the boys about keeping their hands to themselves and staying in their chairs. Arts and craft time was next and the children seemed to all really enjoy this time.
During arts and crafts I observed the children tracing a picture of a sun and they used paint to color it, with the help of the teacher. The children also used their fine motor skills to manipulate Play Doh and they used their self-help skills to put on and take off paint shirts.
Suddenly, during arts and craft time, the fire alarm went off. The children were visibly startled and sought comfort from the teacher and other staff members.
They were able to follow directions from the staff and line up to exit the building. Once we were all back inside it was time for me to leave for the day. The report must be written up in the format: In the discussion and analysis you must tie together what you have observed with the theory of what would be expected of a child of the appropriate age.
The report must contain the following:. What rights does the child have when being observed. Abstract Observation is a popular research tool that is used to study the behaviour of children; renowned theorists such as Vygotsky, Piaget, and many more child physiologists have used this tool for their research, allowing them to come up with significant insights, resulting in theories that continue to influence psychology and education today.
Observation has been one of the best tools for research. Observation is very effective as a means to perform initial exploration of an area which can then be further studied using more focused methods. It is also useful in the end stages of a study as a means of checking information collected in a different way.
In this study, the researcher employed three observation methods on a sixyear old male. The observations used were timed, controlled and participant observation.
The observation was conducted in the hopes of detecting any Portfolio of Child Observations 3. In particular, the study focused on three domains: Introduction In the United Kingdom, children enter early childhood programs at a much younger age than children in other countries.
As such, standard forms of assessments have not been normally used for this age level. Under this act, assessment became mandatory for children finishing ending pre-school or early childhood grades before they formally enter elementary. This posed a challenge to early childhood teachers because the rate and breadth of development at this developmental stage makes it difficult to design an appropriate standardized assessment instrument that would address all these variables.
In so far as early childhood education is concerned, there are two things that must be taken into consideration: Observation provides an unobtrusive method to check for student learning, and by extension, assess whether the instructional strategies that were used have been effective or not. Observation has been is very effective because it provides and assessment tool that is developmentally-appropriate, particularly for very young learners.
In young children, observation as a formative assessment tool is very effective regardless of the time of administration. It can be used to perform initial exploration of an area which can then be further studied using more focused methods.
Teachers should pay special attention to details and note any unconscious behaviour which may indicate learning or signs that point towards readiness for learning or lack thereof. Method Portfolio of Child Observations 5 The subject is a six-year boy studying at a private-owned nursery school in the heart of North London.
The subject is from Iraq and has two older brothers, aged 8 and For this observation portfolio, three observation methods were chosen: This timed observation functions like a journal that will capture not just the behaviour, but the circumstances surrounding the behaviour concerned like where the child was, what the child was doing, who the child was with, and other important details that contributes to a more thorough analysis of the observation logs.
The methods were chosen because given the situation, they were the most appropriate to the study at hand, especially in forming an initial assessment of the child and creating a baseline profile of the subject. To ensure the validity and reliability of results, care must be taken so that observation will take place in the most natural setting, and the subjects are unaware that their behaviours are being monitored.
In controlled settings, this means that while the observer sets up the scene, the scenario is realistic and as close to what the child encounters in his normal activities at school. This research will treat all data with utmost confidentiality and respect. Data gathered will only be used for the specific purpose of the research and the researcher will not disclose any information that is not pertinent to the subject at hand. Observations will be strictly conducted only on areas, activities, and behaviours that are related to the study at hand.
Because the subject is a minor, express permission to conduct the observation will be asked from the parents or guardians. Of course, the subject was also informed that such an observation will be conducted on his person and the researcher will provide all the necessary information needed to help decide whether to participate in the study or not. In order to keep the observations as natural and honest, the actual people need not be informed that they will be observed on this specific day or time.
In these cases, ethical considerations may affect the patency and honesty of the subjects, so ethical considerations should be weighed carefully against the importance of the data being collected. Observation, by nature is deceptive Musante, , p. However this is not to say that observation must be unethical. The subjects must have informed consent.
All the participants in this research will be informed of observations, but the exact nature and specific details will not be given to them. However, this is not a big problem with children because they are naturally candid, but care must always be taken that observation be done as inconspicuously as possible.
Apr 26, · Parents Child Observation Essay Words | 8 Pages Parent Child Observation The setting is a home environment of a .
Jun 28, · This essay seeks to critically evaluate my role as a child observer. Drawing on two or more theories of child development, I will look at the main theoretical concept and critically evaluate in relation to my observation.
- The Developing toddler The purpose of this essay was to observe the everyday experiences a child has and how it is an illustration of theories and concepts of child development. To also have a better understanding of how these theories and concepts take important role in the child’s life. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now!
Child Observation essays My observation of a child was done with a thirteen-month-old boy by the name of Tommy. My observation was done at Tommy's house. The house was very well kept, small and colorful. For this assignment, I observed my six year old niece, Faustine Bui who was born on August 16, , at the park where I was babysitting her with her mom for .