Pressure on the federal government mounted as a result. This situation was effectively utilized by black activists. Civil rights leaders focused global attention on how the US was being hypocritical in terms of their own practices.
By shaming the US on a global level, black activists found themselves using the Cold War diplomatic situation as a primary tool in achieving their own goals. Indeed, the international liability of such actions was communicated to black activists Romano, , Clearly, the main concern was that if the US did not respond favorably to racial domestic problems, then African nations would ally themselves with the USSR.
The fragile international situation provided the black activists with the tools and timing to implement their goals and pass their legislation. The importance of timing and delivery is clearly emphasized by the passage of the Civil Rights Act and other legislation.
The right to vote and the ending of segregation was passed in sync to the peak of US diplomatic relations in Africa. Accelerated funding to African nations and the introduction of African leaders to Washington were simultaneously linked with the support the federal government offered to blacks who were being targeted for violence by state and local forces.
There is clearly a strong correlation that suggests that the US did indeed cave in to international pressures.
By utilizing the United Nations and the mass media, black activists were able to draw attention to the policies and actions of the federal government. Consequently, the relationship between the cold war and policies towards Africa is multifaceted. The global expansion of communism was an imminent threat to the ideals and values that dominated the US. As nations were following the socialist trend similarly to dominos falling in a line, the US was forced to act very aggressively in defending their ideology.
This meant that newly established nation states like the ones in Africa were the prime targets for both opposing camps. This forced a strong interest on behalf of the US policy makers in Washington to begin fostering diplomatic relations with African leaders and governments. The diplomatic approach that the US took was to offer aid and welcome African leaders into Washington. Indeed, this process did occur very aggressively throughout However, the racial situation domestically served as a schism in the strategic move to gain influence in Africa.
While riots, targeted violence and other non-democratic activities were going on, the black activists utilized this liability as a strong opportunity to change the status quot. Consequently, black leaders shamed the US and drew media attention to what was going on during the Cold War. Federal officials had no choice but to succumb to these demands in order to meet more important demands like promoting democracy in a global setting. Thus, the relationship between the cold war and African policy becomes clear: More Essay Examples on War Rubric.
Meanwhile, it has been said that one of the primary regions actively involved during the Cold war was Cuba. The Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south. Cuba is the most populous country in the Caribbean. The island has a tropical climate that is moderated by the surrounding waters; however, the warm temperatures of the Caribbean Sea and the fact that Cuba itself almost completely blocks access to the Gulf of Mexico, make Cuba prone to frequent hurricanes. The address was said to be delivered by Kenny to re-emphasize to the Cuban government their close surveillance activity of the Soviet military buildup in Cuba.
The US government has discovered then that there have been offensive missiles sites established in Cuba to strengthen nuclear strikes to be conducted by their enemies. The missile sites were said to have two distinct types of installations which include medium range ballistic missiles that are capable of carrying nuclear warhead that can strike the whole of Washington DC or any other part of America.
These were among the orders of President Kenny to the Cuban government which include, to halt the offensive buildup in their country and that US would enforce a strict quarantine on all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba is being initiated; that US would have a continued and increased close surveillance of Cuba and its military buildup; that US as a state policy would regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union; that US would enforced additional military units on Guantanamo.
Moreover, President Kenny has also appealed for the prompt dismantling and withdrawal of all offensive weapons in Cuba under the supervision of the United Nations and for Chairman Khrushchev to halt and eliminate the threat to world peace and to stable relations between our two nations. There has been aid that the US wants to normalize the situation or relations between them in order for trade expansion to flourish in Cuba.
In March, at the initiative of the Americans, the first direct negotiations at the level of deputy foreign ministers since the interruption of diplomatic relations took place in New York.
In April, in Havana, agreements were signed concerning fishing rights within the mile zone along with preliminary agreements on delimitation of the maritime economic zone. At the initiative of the Americans, interest sections have been opened in the embassy of Switzerland in Havana and the Republic of Czechoslovakia in Washington.
American citizens with families living in Cuba have been granted the right for their families to visit the United States. In the course of meetings with official representatives of the Carter administration, Castro emphasized that the principal impediment to the normalization of relations was the economic blockade and the presence of the American base at Guantanamo.
This chain of events resulted in a shift in the balance of power and that the communist world had almost doubled by At the same time as the Americas realised the threat from Communism in China, conflict was also braking out in Korea on both sides of the 38th parallel. This was the first major Hot War of the Cold War era setting a precedent for how conflicts were to be fought in the years to follow.
Over the next three years of fighting, the contest between the Superpowers in Asia would only expand and intensify. At the start of the war in , China was drawn into the conflict when North Korean troops were pushed to their border.
This resulted in the bombing of supply bases and power stations in China, drawing the Chinese in to the conflict as they now conceded the United States a direct threat to their sovereignty. This resulted in China intervention to protect its own interests and those of the communist movement in North Korea. United Nations troops continued to fight for a further two years until their reached the 38th parallel. It was at this point that the United States was griped by intense paranoia concerning communism in general, and Asian communism in particular, China was now seen as a major player in the security of the Asia-Pacific.
To try to combat the problem the United States operated a policy of containment. George Kennan came up with the original concept to limit Soviet expansion and Paul Nitze designed the strategy with the aim of preventing communism from increasing its grip were ever it seemed likely to spread. When Eisenhower came into office in and until the mid subsequent presidents feared that the fall to communism of any other states would result in a domino effect of other states falling to communism as well.
Nuclear weapons were an important element as well as building alliance and psychological warfare. It was in this way that the administration hoped to split China from the Soviet Union, however, there was no suggestion of how to exploit the rift if it should occur. In the next decade, this policy was loosely followed by subsequent administrations. This was done by forming a number of alliances with states in Asia, this multilateral agreement would bring together states in a collective packed against communist development.
Vietnam was a French colony and the French had been fighting the guerrilla war there since when no agreement had been met over possible independence. From until the war ended in , the United States had been sending military aid to the French. This initial involvement would grow to an increasing to a large level in the s and s. After eight years of fighting ultimately ending in a French defeat a truce was achieved, this was the end of French military rule in Southeast Asia.
The Americans were unhappy with this new foothold for communism but powerless to act. A by-product of its increased focus on the policy of containment did however result in the later conflict in Indo-China. The American policies of containment such NSC and the American security treaties in the early years of the Cold War indicate that their policies were primary directed towards either reducing the strategic position of the Soviet Unions by either increasing Americas own power or splitting Sino-Soviet relations.
Game theory in the Cold War - Game Theory and the Cold War research papers scrutinize the use of game theory against the soviet union. Iron Curtain Speech - Iron Curtain Speech research papers discuss the speech given by Winston Churchill, the Sinews of Peace speech.
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Cold War Research Paper Free Essay Template. Free Essay Examples, Essay Formats, Writing Tools and Writing Tips. The Cold War was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies from the mids until the early s - Cold war research paper introduction. Throughout the period, the rivalry between the two superpowers was played out in multiple arenas: military coalitions; ideology, psychology.
Free cold war papers, essays, and research papers. The Cold War was a very complex war. Many ideas, conflicts and emotions were going on. This was a major turning point for the word war. War became a much more powerful word. However, this war did bring the people together to work at solutions like none other. We have learned from this experience.