There is no right or wrong. When you are writing a government paper or a paper on politics — you express your own individual opinions. Your professor can not put grade your paper extremely low just because he is a republican and your paper contains democrat thoughts. If you lack great thoughts, time, or do not wish to spend precious time on writing something useless — you can easily delegate your government paper to our custom paper writing company.
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We can easily solve all your problems with education. Just contact us, and we will show you. Order a custom written paper of high quality Professional Writers only. Free Quote or Order now. First of all, gender studies is simply a refined name for women studies due to the fact that most people mistake it solely for studies. Clause 6 of the aforesaid order specifies the following conditions to be fulfilled by a political party before it could be recognized by the election commission.
A political party shall be treated as a recognized political party in a state if, and only if, either the conditions specified in Clause A or the conditions specified in Clause B are fulfilled by that party and not otherwise, that is to say:. Election or voting is a distinctive feature of a modern democratic policy.
One of the main functions of political parties is to contest elections. Their first function is to select suitable candidates for party ticket and assist such candidates to win the elections. Voting is the process of electing representatives to a body representing the people. It is these elected representatives who in a democracy perform decision making functions. For the successful working of any democracy, a healthy system of voting is a sine qua non.
The right to vote is a basic right guaranteed by the fundamental law of the country. However, not every national is entitled to vote. The minors, some categories of criminals and lunatics are usually excluded from the list of voters. In some states, women are not given the right to vote. Some states impose property and educational qualifications to limit franchise. However, universal adult suffrage is recognized to be the most democratic system of franchise.
In India every man and woman of 18 years of age is entitled to be enrolled as a voter. Voting behaviour depends upon several factors and differs from place to place. Generally speaking, educated and urban population is seen more involved in elections whereas the illiterate and rural population shows its apathy. Some voters are committed to a particular party while some take decision at the time of election. In India, voting behaviour has undergone tremendous change.
Since independence, the level of political awareness is constantly rising among all segments of population. Political mobilisation is taking place at a faster speed in rural areas.
There is only minor difference in the turn-out rate between urban and rural areas. The level of identification with political parties or leaders is increasing. The number of floating or uncommitted votes is gradually decreasing.
India since ancient days has been predominantly a country inhabited by different religions. Despite the fact that the -Constitution declares India to be a secular state, no political party including, the Congress I has ever ignored it.
The religious structure of a constituency is kept in mind while selecting the candidates or begging votes. During election campaign the religious sentiments are exploited to the maximum. Voters are attracted to the candidates belonging to their own religion. The Ayodhya issue has been exploited by all the political parties for the politics of votes. Elections in India are contested very much on the basis of casteism. The voters are asked to vote for their caste candidates and casteism is maintained by the elected leaders after the elections are over, Political parties sponsor only that candidate from a particular constituency whose caste is the most numerous in that area.
Inspite of their professions to the contrary, the Indian politicians including the political tacticians of the Congress and the CPI give a great deal of attention to caste considerations. While caste itself as a social institution is undergoing radical changes on account of the influence of western education and the development of urban life, it nevertheless, continues to play an important role in determining the choice of voters from among the various candidates.
Community feeling is another factor influencing the voters. Community feelings had led the Telugu people to demand separate state of Andhra; likewise hilly people in Uttar Pradesh are asking for Uttrakhand state. The voters of a particular community say Punjabi, vote for their community candidate not because he is the best but because he belongs to their own community.
The candidates also make appeals in the name of community pointing out the injustices being suffered by their community and take pledge to ameliorate their condition. All politicians have been exploiting community sentiment since the first general elections in India.
It is one of the factors influencing voting behaviour in the regions where the electorate is mostly composed of voters belonging to working class. In big industrial towns like Bombay. Ahmedabad and Kanpur a trade union leader wins election on the basis of class considerations.
The workers aspire that their leader should be elected to fight their cause in the legislature. A number of our legislators are persons who have at one time or other been in the forefront of Trade Union movement. Money perhaps plays the greatest role during elections Crores of rupees are spent by the political parties in their bid to capture political power.
A lot of money is spent in election campaign and helicopters are hired to reach the voters in far flung constituencies. Big industrialists and business magnates contribute a lot of money for election funds. Votes are purchased through payment in cash or kind. As a majority of voters are poor people consisting of lower castes, they are easily swayed away by money. The personality of the party leader also influences the choice of voters.
Thus the Congress won several elections in the name of Nehru and Indira Gandhi. Sonia Gandhi campaigned for the congress during elections.
Sometimes some accidental factors like excesses during Emergency or the murder of Rajiv Gandhi or a wave also influence the voters. To conclude, voters in India seldom vote after objective assessment of the comparative merits of various candidates or scientific analysis of the election manifestoes; they are mostly influenced in their choice by non-rational factors like those of religion, caste and community etc.
Pressure groups play a vital role in the process of government. A pressure group is an interest group which seeks to promote the interests of its members through external inducement. It is not a political group seeking to capture political power, though it may possess a political character for the sake of expediency.
A pressure group is generally an association of persons with a common economic interest who try to influence governmental action in legislation, administrative procedures or judicial decisions. They come into being to make the government responsive to the interests of groups of citizens.
In the Indian political system, pressure groups play conspicuous part in the political process as a whole. Their role in elections is conspicuous. At different levels of electoral process in nomination, canvassing and campaigning these groups take cudgels on behalf of their favourites and get them a coveted place in the legislature and later in the cabinet.
They have a sizeable block of voters in their pockets and also contribute to the financial sinews of the party concerned. The members elected with the support of a pressure group are compelled to do their biddings with far greater strength than the biddings of their party.
The pressure groups make use of all their resources and persuasive forms to procure political decisions and administrative actions of their choice.
They also influence public opinion through mass media at their disposal. In a democracy their role is greater than in a totalitarian government. The party in power in a totalitarian political system does not recognize the existence of such particularistic entities and even regards their emergence as anathema.
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Business Studies -Describe the roles of government in the present business environment. In the present business environment governments have the power to change and make laws, having a major role and influence on the business environment. 3/5(9).
Essay Government Words | 7 Pages. the need to create a form of government arises from fulfilling the need of security. In order for government to provide this security, it is necessary for government to be able to use its authority in any way it pleases. Locke and Mill on the other hand believe that government should be able to provide.
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an essay on government. PART I. IF we would be thoroughly informed of the Nature and Properties of any Object, we must necessarily first consider its Causes and Origin, for on them depend all the others; this close Connexion, which alway subsists between the defficient Cause, and the Object existing, ought totally to guide all the Actions of. ADVERTISEMENTS: Essay on Government of India: Meaning, Forms and Other Information’s! It’s meaning: Sometimes confusion is made between state and Government and the two words are used interchangeably. Government is an instrument of the state through which it carries out its purposes. A state, as we have seen, is a politically organized and geographically limited [ ].