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Indus Valley Civilization

Archaeological Discovery of Harappa

❶The cult of animal worship was also quite common. All the roads are aligned east to the west and north to south.

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This bath can be called one of the chief features of the Indus Civilistaion. This bath was for the use by the public. Bricks made of burnt clay were used for construction of the reservoir to prevent outflow of water. The bath was probably constructed for religious purposes. After their bath, the worshippers probably used small rooms for change of dress, and offered worship to the temple of Mother Goddess which was adjacent to the public bath.

The drainage system of Indus Valley Civilization was build in systematic order. Drains made of bricks of burnt clay were used for outlet of water from each house.

Water flowing along the drain used to pour into the main gutter. A cover made of stone was put on the drain. There were underground drains along the roads. The drains of the houses were connected with the road drainage. The civic organisations of two cities were highly developed. Roads, dwelling houses, forts or large buildings confirmed to the same pattern. This compels the conclusion that the system of centralised administration had been in vogue in the cities for ages.

Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization. The town planning of Harappan Civilization was observed by the scholars, and they assume that in building houses of the cities, close attention was given to their practical advantages.

They built their houses in such a manner as they could last long, but the architectural and sculptural works of the dwellings were of low order. The Indus people used garments made of cotton and wool. But much is not known about their garments. Perhaps, they used two separate pieces of cloth to cover upper and lower portions of the body. Men had beards, but generally got their moustaches shaven. They combed up their locks of long hair and got them tied by ribbons.

Women preferred to dress their hair. Both men and women liked to use ornaments. Harappan Culture Culture of Harappan Civilization. Various painted and polished earthen pots were made here.

Various toy-goods for children such as cow, lamb, elephants, buffaloes, monkeys, boars, heno etc. Among the terra-cotta works, toy-carts have been found. They look like bullock-carts of the modern age. Various containers and pots made of silver, copper and bronze, combs and needles, , mirrors, various weapons have been found in large number in the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro.

Seals made of soft sandstone have been found both at Mohenjo-Daro and at Harappa. Many terra-cotta, bronze and copper seals have also been discovered. The writing on seals is perhaps their main scientific attainment. They also were good agriculturalists, and their economy was depending on gardening. The Indus people had a wide variety if domesticated animals like camels, cats, dogs, goats, sheep, and buffalos.

In Indus valley civilization, the society was divided into three districts social groups. One group ruled and administered the city. The other group included the people who were associated with trade and businesses activities in the city. The third group was the labors who worked in the city. They also included the farmers who cultivated wheat and barley as their main crops.

Animals like buffaloes, sheep, and pigs were bred. Fish, mutton, beef, poultry, and pork consisted the food they ate. Men also seemed to have worn ornaments like fillets, necklaces, finger rings, and armlets. Women were fond of ornaments like earrings, bangles, bracelets, necklaces, girdles and ankles made of shell beads, gold, sliver, and copper.

The peaceful life of the Indus valley people bred a sense of complacency. Hence, when the Aryan invaders poured in from the Northwest, they encountered little or no resistance.

In fact, the fall of Mohenjo-daro, almost 3, years ago, typified this decay. In terms of achievements in town planning and civil administration, this was a great setback, as more than a thousand years were to pass before anything of this magnitude was accomplished in India again.

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The Indus Valley civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization after the village named Harappa, in what is now Pakistan, where the.

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18 essays by ancient Indus civilization archaeologists and scholars, from a comprehensive overview, to a tour of Mohenjodaro, discoveries in Gujarat, interpretations of the Indus script, interviews and research initiatives. The Indus Valley Civilization flourished in the vast river plains and adjacent regions in what are now Pakistan and.

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The civilization at Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa, Nal and Kulli grew up in the valley of the river Indus and that is why it is referred to as the “Indus Civilization.” Though the Indus civilization is considered to be one of the oldest culture in the world, but it was of urban nature. In this essay we will discuss about Indus Valley Civilisation: 1. Introduction to Indus Valley Civilisation 2. Essay on the Indus Valley Civilisation | Indian History. Some of the important crafts which flourished during the Indus Valley civilization period were that of pottery, carpentry, masonry, blacksmith, ivory work, stone cutting.

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The Indus valley civilization was the largest of four ancient urban civilizations Mesopotamia, Egypt, South Asia, and China. It was discovered in the ’s but most of its ruins remain to be excavated. The Indus civilization was huge; it covered from Mumbai (in Marashta, India) in south up to Himalayas and northern Afghanistan in north. More than 4, years ago there flourished in the north-western parts of the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent a civilization which, deriving its name from the main river of the region is known as the.