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❶Countries declare war on another for treaty violations, land ownership and many unreasonable conflicts.

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India, since her independence, has been an enthusiastic supporter of the principles for which the UNO stands. Her contributions in this regard have been significant. She took the first opportunity to carry her dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir to the UNO and has loyally stood by her commitments in spite of the provocation she has received.

She took the leading part in bringing about an armistice in Korea and in Indo-China. Her services have been praised by many countries. She played no mean part in helping to break through the hostility that had long separated the two-blocks. She has steadily refused to be drawn into any international political organization outside the UNO; she has upheld the cause of peace against much criticism and her policy of neutrality is the only policy that is consistent with genuine loyalty to the UNO.

As the leading force of the NAM non-aligned countries , India has resisted many arbitrary moves of big powers. The way for the Geneva Conference of the leaders of the Great powers — the 'Summit' Conference, as it has been called — was paved and made smoothly by Pandit Nehru's activity. There are reasons to feel optimistic about the ultimate success of the United Nations Organization in fostering peace and goodwill among nations.

Long fifty years have passed since the UNO was founded, and nations are coming nearer to each other and are better able to face the challenges before them. It should be said to the credit of UNO that the third World War has been kept off so far by its efforts, though the big guns are not all silent.

Skirmishes flare up here and there, not infrequently. Instead of deepening distrust and rancour, nations are developing a spirit of reasonableness and tolerance that is an auspicious augury for the future-The prompt intervention of the UNO in different international conflicts is a signal that mankind is at last coming to its senses. It has achieved partial success. In many cases it ahs failed, while in few cases it has succeeded. It is criticized for its failure.

Of course, much can be said on both sides. It is, however, certain that it ahs justified its existence as the most practical instrument for peace ever devised through voluntary co-operation among different nations. So far it has refused to be a tool in the hands of any nation. This is the secret of its strength. It fills the peoples of the world with hope that it will prevent the outbreak of any devastating war.

There is a great threat of total annihilation of humanity as a result of third world-war which would be certainly an atomic war. It is high time all the nations decide to give up the use of atomic energy for destructive purposes.

National and racial barriers combined with power-politics create great obstacle in the realization of objectives of the U. At present the U. The newly liberated nations of Asia and Africa have come to their own and occupy and adequate position in world politics. These regional pacts undermine the prestige of the U. The United Nations develop friendly relations between nations and take appropriate measures to strengthen the universal peace. The United Nations tries to achieve in solving international problems of economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character by promoting and encouraging respect for human rights.

The United Nation also is for the fundamental freedoms without disrespect to race, sex, language and religion. The United Nation acts as a center for harmonizing and achieving these goals. The United Nations Article 2 purpose is the organization of its members, in pursuit of the purpose stated in Article 1 and shall act in accordance with the following problem solvers.

The organization is based on the principle of sovereign equality of all its members. All members with rights and benefits shall fulfill the obligations granted to them in this charter. All the members shall settle disputes by peaceful intentions and not endanger international peace, security and justice. All members shall reduce problems with other countries without disputes that could erupt in breaching the peace.

All the members shall give the United Nation every assistance due with the charter and refrain from giving any one country help against the United Nations or any other countries.

These countries that are members shall act in accordance with the charter. Nothing in this chapter shall authorize the intervention into the domestic problems and will not be prejudice to there application of enforcement under chapter eight.

The United Nations follows these rules and regulations as well as other chapters in hope to keep the peace. These rules and regulations were cited from the United Nations Charter and the United Nation follows these rules religiously without error. The Ethiopian and Eritrea governments have been at war for two years up until this date.

The talks were aimed at assisting Ethiopian and Eritrean governments in an implementation plan that would lead to peaceful resolution to the conflict, which began 6 of May The fighting resumed on 12 of May Resolution adopted by the Security Council later that day, called for reconvening of peace talk on the basis of the framework agreement facilitated by the OAU. The Security Council adopted resolution on 17 of May called on the stop of sales of arms to Ethiopian and Eritrea.

By the end of the first week Ethiopia have made advances on the western front. On the 30 of June the United Nations general received an issue of the report asking the United Nations to establish the peacekeeping operation.

A United Nations Reconnaissance mission was sent to the region on of July. Mission representatives met with the members of the OAU and the parties discussed for the United Nations assistance with the agreement.

The mission report was sent to the security general. Over the past two years these countries have been fighting and they have now just contacted the United Nation to establish peace.

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- United Nations The League of Nations now called the United Nations was founded in The League of Nations was composed shortly after the first world war in order to prevent any more wars. The League of Nations collapsed in

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The United Nations Organization was founded in soon after the end of the Second World War. It is a world body with a large number of sovereign states as its members. Similarly at end of the First World War, the League of Nations was formed.

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It was named the United Nations Organisation (UNO) and was inaugurated on October 24, Membership has doubled since its inauguration. The present strength is New members are admitted if the five sponsoring nations, USA, USSR, UK, France and China agree among themselves. Essay on United Nations - United Nations The League of Nations now called the United Nations was founded in The League of Nations was composed shortly after the first world war in order to prevent any more wars. The League of Nations collapsed .

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The United Nations Essay Words | 12 Pages. The United Nations All over the world, soldiers in the UN’s blue helmets or hats have risked their lives trying to stop wars. In they received one of the worlds highest honors, the Nobel Peace Prize. Free Essay: The United Nations Security Council was set up in order to uphold and enforce the utopian ideals of international peace and security. This essay.