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Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory

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Purpose of Research
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Given its fundamental nature Exploratory research often relies on techniques such as: RSS feeds efficiently supply researchers with up-to-date information services such as Google Alerts may send major search-engine search results by email to researchers services such as Google Trends track comprehensive search results over lengthy periods of time researchers may set up websites to attract worldwide feedback on any subject When research aims to gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to acquire new insight into it in order to formulate a more precise problem or to develop a hypothesis, exploratory studies also known as formulative research come in handy.

Exploratory research takes place when problems are in a preliminary stage. Exploratory research is flexible and can address research questions of all types what, why, how. Exploratory research is often used to generate formal hypotheses. Shields and Tajalli link exploratory research with the conceptual framework working hypothesis. Exploratory research or formulative research Descriptive research [7] Causal research also referred to as explanatory research [8] Exploratory research or formulative research: There are two research methods for exploring the cause and effect relationship between variables: A Playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project management [1].

See chapter Five for an extensive discussion of exploratory research. Schutt, "Investigating the Social World," 5th ed. The Practice of Social Research. Journal of Public Affairs Education , Vol. Journal of Advertising Research. Evaluating sources Different sources, different evaluations Extract by relevance Test your knowledge Lesson 4: Obtaining literature Literature search: Qualitative and quantitative methods Combining qualitative and quantitative methods Collecting data Analysing data Strengths and limitations Test your knowledge Lesson 2: Empirical studies Explanatory, analytical and experimental studies Strengths and limitations Test your knowledge Lesson 3: Summary Project management Project management Lesson 1: Project Initiation Project budgeting Test your knowledge Lesson 2: Project execution Project control Project management: Summary Writing process Writing process Lesson 1: Structure your thesis Title page, abstract, foreword, abbreviations, table of contents Introduction, methods, results Discussion, conclusions, recomendations, references, appendices, layout Test your knowledge Lesson 2: Avoid plagiarism Use citations correctly Use references correctly Bibliographic software Test your knowledge Writing process — summary.

An example of a classic case control study. Your name Your friend's e-mail Message Note: Page 2 of 4. Explanatory research looks at how things come together and interact.

This research does not occur until there is enough understanding to begin to predict what will come next with some accuracy. The person in the dark has fully explored the elephant and understands what it looks like.

Now, the process of 'how did it get here' and 'where is it going next' comes into play. This often requires imaginative studies, more so than just touching an elephant in the dark. Explanatory research never really ends because new ideas, techniques and information are constantly increasing.

This is sort of like, 'the more you know, the more you realize you need to learn. For instance, there was a time in psychology that everyone who was anyone was a behaviorist. As time went on, the field kept running into the 'black box' a term given to the ephemeral mind.

Over time, the field of behaviorism went into a sidetrack and developed into the study of cognition and neural processes. Exploratory research can also end when something has been sufficiently explained to be incorrect. For instance, the study of phrenology, or the measuring of bumps on the head to determine your personality and characteristics, was discovered to be a garbage theory. Explanatory research is typically concerned with understanding the relationship between things and how they are in the past and the future.

This often takes the form of a quantitative approach so that statistical tests can be conducted. Due to the large number of experiments occurring, pinpointing a single researcher or study is difficult. However, examples of explanatory research include examining the neural development and degradation of drug addicts, as well as the effects of lifestyle on IQ tests in adults and children.

Each of these has a great deal of studies behind it, and the current researchers are attempting to pinpoint the exact cause-and-effect relationships between the variables involved. Exploratory research is the initial research into a hypothetical or theoretical idea. It is the first step in learning about something. Somebody gets a new idea in their head, and it leads research in a new direction. Next, is descriptive research , which provides more elaborate descriptions and information.

Descriptive research helps fill in the research community's understanding of the initial exploratory studies. Last is explanatory research , which attempts to connect ideas to understand cause and effect. This occurs when researchers are beginning to understand what they are looking at and trying to create models of cause and effect.

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This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: Start Your Free Trial Today. An error occurred trying to load this video.

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Devin Kowalczyk Devin has taught psychology and has a master's degree in clinical forensic psychology. There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea.

Purpose of Research As you probably already know, there are many reasons why research is done. Exploratory Research Exploratory research is defined as the initial research into a hypothetical or theoretical idea. Descriptive Research Once the groundwork is established, the newly explored field needs more information. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Explanatory Research We began exploring something new with exploratory research.

Lesson Summary What are the purposes of research?

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Explanatory research is defined as an attempt to connect ideas to understand cause and effect, meaning researchers want to explain what is going on. Explanatory research looks at .

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Explanatory Research is the conducted for a problem which was not well researched before, demands priorities, generates operational definitions and provides a better-researched model. It is actually a type of research design which focuses on explaining the aspects of your study in a detailed manner.

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The term explanatory research implies that the research in question is intended to explain, rather than simply to describe, the phenomena studied. This type of research has had a contested history in qualitative inquiry, and divergent views of the. Causal research, also known as explanatory research is conducted in order to identify the extent and nature of cause-and-effect relationships. Causal research can be conducted in order to assess impacts of specific changes on existing norms, various processes etc.

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Other examples of explanatory research are studies that try to explain why a particular social phenomenon occurs. A study that attempts to explain why pedestrians exhibit unsafe behavior is considered explanatory research because it seeks to find causes that are associated with the behavior. What is explanatory research? Explanatory research is an attempt to connect different ideas and to understand the different reasons, causes and their effects. Mostly the research is start from exploratory research, then descriptive research and then explanatory research.