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Sociology Research Methods Flashcards

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❶This type of research deals with the study of information that can be observed, but not easily measured, such as behavior. Validity can be checked by having others consider the value of the research, making sure conclusions are correct and ensuring that the research is representative of the world in general.

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What is Quantitative Research?

A statistic you get after completing a correlation equation. Includes a positive or negative sign and a number that measures the level of association between the variables you compared. A correlation where both measured variables change in the same direction, for example, both variables improve or both worsen at the same time. Quantitative research involves using numerical data that results in objective facts.

This form of research doesn't deal with the observation of physical or emotional reactions. Go to next set in chapter: Next set in chapter Societal Foundations Flashcards. See all lessons in this chapter.

Both Sides no grading. Flashcard Content Overview Checking out these flashcards can help you review what you need to know about critical, positivist and interpretivist sociology. Ways to check research study validity. Validity can be checked by having others consider the value of the research, making sure conclusions are correct and ensuring that the research is representative of the world in general.

A study that obtains the same results when conducted at different times. Ethnographies can be used to: Consider cultural norms Understand behaviors Look at social trends and social interactions Study families, other relationships and organizations. Ethnography uses long term studies lead by a researcher who isn't an expert. The goal is to learn about different cultures and create a piece of writing.

This aspect of sociological study deals with trying to learn about society in order to improve it. Steps in positivist sociological research. Positivist sociological research involves developing a hypothesis and then using appropriate scientific tools to test it.

A form of sociological study that focuses on the ways that individuals interpret the world around them. Positivist sociology applies the scientific method to the study of sociological concerns.

This type of research deals with the study of information that can be observed, but not easily measured, such as behavior. It may also be referred to as descriptive research. A form of study that takes place over an extended period of time. Drawbacks can include increased costs and difficulty securing volunteers. Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.

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Agents, Definition and Theory. What Is a Dependent Variable? Positive Psychology Study Guide. History and Systems of Psychology. Research Methods in Psychology: UExcel Research Methods in Psychology: What is Quantitative Research? Quantitative Research Methods There are many methods of quantitative research in the field of sociology. Examples of Survey Research in Sociology: You might create a simple survey asking about alcohol consumption and daily activities.

Then, the person completing the survey would participate in a treatment program for 12 weeks. Finally, you would give them the same survey you gave them before the treatment and compare the first and second survey to each other to see if the treatment encouraged change or improvement in the alcohol consumption and daily activities. Pre-Existing Data Sometimes it's beneficial to use pre-existing data also referred to as secondary data to inform an inquiry or research question.

Many sociologists are interested in exploring human behavior and childhood disorders. Another example of using pre-existing data would be to access the National Database for Autism Spectrum Disorders. The NIH is a federally-funded program conducting research in just about every topic imaginable in the social sciences.

They also provide data files that can be directly downloaded in statistical packaging programs to use and analyze directly. Pilot Studies Another method of quantitative research can include a pilot study. Examples of Using Pilot Studies in Sociology: Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: One common reason pilot studies are used in sociology is to explore how effective a theory or research finding might be once implemented in the real world.

You might be interested in seeing if creating and distributing a new brochure on the topic of cultural customs and events would encourage more cultural events or increased cultural awareness in your community.

You would create the brochure and a survey, pass them out to all types of people and groups in your community, collect the surveys, then determine if the brochure increased or decreased interest in offering cultural events in your area based on the feedback from the surveys. Suppose you worked for the state child welfare program. A pilot study could be created in hopes of monitoring the effectiveness of a car seat program for your clients. Once the program was reviewed in your district, changes recommended, etc.

Many state programs first start off as pilot programs and then are offered across the state. Experimental Designs One of the more common and popular methods of quantitative research is the experimental design.

Examples of Experimental Designs in Sociology: If you wanted to investigate social situations at the local university you attend, you might want to conduct an experimental design.

In order to do this, you might assign half of the freshmen and sophomores into the experimental group and the other half into the control group. You wouldn't let the students know which group they were in; however, you would ask the experimental group to participate in a campus-wide activity and would not ask the control group to participate. The control group would be considered the baseline to compare the experimental group against. You might be interested in learning if unemployment causes depression, and if so, you would conduct an experimental study where you would have two groups of people: You would ask both groups the same questions through a survey or questionnaire and then compare their answers to see if the variable of unemployment was correlated to feelings of depression.

Lesson Summary Let's review. The most common quantitative methods in sociology include: Notes on Quantitative Research in Sociology Quantitative research deals with data that is quantifiable There are a number of quantitative methods in sociology Some of the quicker methods include surveys and the use of pre-existing data Learning Outcomes When you are done with this lesson, you should be able to: Describe quantitative research Name and discuss the most common quantitative research methods in sociology.

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A research method that compares two social groups that are alike apart from one factor. For example, Durkheim compared two groups that were identical apart from their . select research techniques (mixed methodology): survey, interview, observation, secondary data, experiment select sample (population, convenience sample, .

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