As we will see, Title 4 has all the characteristics of a good research title. Characteristics of a Good Research Title According to rhetoric scholars Hairston and Keene, making a good title involves ensuring that the research title accomplishes four goals. Here are a few other tips you can use to make sure your title will be part of the recipe for an effective research paper: Make sure your research title describes a the topic, b the method, c the sample, and d the results of your study.
You can use the following formula: A [ method ] study of [ topic ] among [ sample ] Example: You want a title that will be comprehensible even to people who are not experts in your field.
For a detailed list of things to avoid when writing an effective research title, check the article here. Make sure your title is between 5 and 15 words in length. If you are writing a title for a university assignment or for a particular academic journal, verify that your title conforms to the standards and requirements for that outlet.
For example, many journals require that titles fall under a character limit, including spaces. Many universities require that titles take a very specific form, limiting your creativity. Resources for Further Reading In addition to the tips above, there are many resources online that you can use to help write your research title.
Here is a list of links that you may find useful as you work on creating an excellent research title: The University of Southern California has a guide specific to social science research papers: University of Southern California. More helpful hints about Writing a Research Paper. An informal outline working outline is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas.
It is subject to revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form. In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics.
The letters and numbers of the same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order. All points of a research paper outline must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral.
The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing. A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper.
Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Make the first outline tentative. What is the chief reason you are writing the paper? State also how you plan to approach your topic. Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in your topic.
BODY — This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement. Remember the Rule of 3, i. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline. Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct.
Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis. This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.
You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids.
Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question.
Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page.
Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e.
Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e. This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline.
Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay.
Use a technique that suits you, e. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e. If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined.
The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed.
Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. My approach usually was to write a brief thesis with a couple of variations.
Then before I started writing the body, I would write a simple outline. The outline was very informal, but it served my purposes. Some people may need to do a formal outline, and that's fine. Then I would organize my information on index cards and mix them around until I found an order that I liked. Then came the "write" and the "rewrite. Lastly, I went back to the thesis and wrote it in a clear, concise manner.
I may start recommending it to students who come into the library looking for research paper help. I admit, I never want to write an outline. When I was in school, I wold always just dash off the first draft and then go back through later spiffing it up. But then I had a teacher who required that we turn in a very formal outline. I thought I could outsmart her by writing the rough draft, then going back and writing an outline of what I had already written!
But here's the thing - what I had written didn't make a nice outline, because it was disorganized. So I had to make revisions to make it fit the outline. From then on, I always used that technique - dash off a rough draft, then write an outline while revising the rough draft to be more organized.
Who says the outline has to come first? This can be as formal as you want; some people like to use Roman numerals, capital letters and so on, all the way down to the lowercase Roman numerals, while other people just like to make some scratches on a piece of paper. Something a lot of students don't realize is that you can actually write the body of the paper first!
As long as you know what your thesis is, there's no need to write the whole introduction. A lot of people sit down to write the introduction and get stuck looking for that perfect hook, when if you just start writing the "meaty" part of the paper, the hook will probably just come to you! But again, you have to have your thesis and some idea of what you're going to write about, or you'll just start putting junk on the paper.
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Writing Help Introduction. Writing a successful research paper is not easy work. A Successful Research Paper is a SMART one. A successful research paper fulfills the objective of increasing Components of a Research Paper. It's also important for the writer / researcher to pay attention to.
A good paper will make clear the type of research design, perhaps by reference to earlier, similar studies from different regions, different industries or different disciplines. The research must be focused on an appropriate unit of analysis.
How do you know if a research study is any good? “Writing about a study after reading just a press release on abstract, without reading the entire paper, is journalistic malpractice,” he said. When reading a research study, he said, journalists need to ask: How good was the study? (Was it peer-reviewed? When you write a research paper you build upon what you know about the subject and make a deliberate attempt to find out what experts know. A research paper involves surveying a field of knowledge in order to find the best possible information in that field.
Writing a Good Research Question The following unit will discuss the basics of how to develop a good research questions and will provide examples of well-designed questions. Learning Objectives. Before we look at the characteristics of a good research title, let’s look at an example that illustrates why a good research paper should have a strong title. Imagine that you are researching meditation and nursing, and you want to find out if any studies have shown that meditation makes nurses better communicators.